A pessimist must save their optimism for short, concentrated bursts.
The ancients understood an individual without a community to be like a hand without a body. How creepy the modern individual would appear to them!
Rather, they are drawing lines of amity and enmity.
For example, love is much closer to hate than it is to indifference.
They call ignorance, greed, and selfishness “vices.”
One great teaching spreads through an infinity of sectarian splits.